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Multiplication for Middle Schoolers
Tracey Thompson
La Colina Jr. High School, Santa Barbara Secondary School District
tthompson@sbsdk12.org
This unit is set up on a day-by-day basis. I have my students for 25 minutes per day. My students spend 40% of their time on the computer; we are in the computer lab on Tuesday and Thursday. To date, all of my students have graduated from this program, knowing their times tables 1-12 at 95% accuracy. I am really proud of them. I know that their work on the computer is critical. If you want to modify any activity please do. Also, your students may need more or less time depending on how long you have them. In researching how to teach multiplication to middle school students I found that it is a mistake to begin in the middle. The students all need to see the whole set again. Please contact me with any questions or suggestions, teaching is always a work in progress. Thanks Tracy
Materials Needed: Pencils, Colored Markers or Colored Pencils, Card Stock (if possible), a spiral notebook for each student, glue sticks, scissors, dice, and cards
I make a Ziploc bag with 2 pencils, a set of markers, a glue stick, and scissors for each student. That way I they are always ready to go. I put their name on it, and it stays in my room. I do the same with the notebook. There is no homework with this project.
Recommended Supplementary Books:
Multiplication by Twin Sisters Productions, Multiplication Facts Tips & Tricks by Key Education Publishing, Timed Math Drills Multiplication by Remedia Publications, Math Line Designs From Around the World by Cindi Mitchell, Multiplication Mosaics Mindwares Best Number Problems by Evelyn B Christensen
Recommended Supplementary DVD/vhs:
Multiplication Rock by Schoolhouse Rock
Day 1: On the first day it is important to assess what each student knows. We do the following activities:
The Multiplication Diagnostic Test/Final Test: 5 minutes (many of my students finish less than on this the first time). This is the first document in their file. I use it later to show the student their improvement. This is the same test that students must pass at 95% or better to exit the class.
Then we begin at the beginning. We fill in the multiplication chart for the 0s, 1s, and 2s using different colors for each. I have the students keep this paper in the pocket of their notebook. Everything else is glued inside, in order.
Next we skip count 2s on the 100s chart. We talk about even numbers, noting the last digit of 2 digit numbers.
Day 2: This is the first day in the computer lab, so mostly it is a day of teaching the students how to log on, and get to the websites. My school has a webpage which has departmental links. I have the sites I want the students to use linked there, so that it is easy to get to the needed sites. My students have a tough time typing out the word multiplication accurately. Here are the links I have on the school website.
HYPERLINK "http://www.multiplication.com" www.multiplication.com
HYPERLINK "http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php" http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php
HYPERLINK "http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm" http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm
For the first day I have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://www.multiplication.com" www.multiplication.com and as a class we do the Grand Prix. I included a couple screen shots. I have them choose the 0-5 level. Then I let them go. The students like the race, and I have them do it more than once. After they are done with this, they ask to go try another game. I let them pick one. All of the games do the same thing just with different themes, so it does not matter what catches their fancy.
With about 8 minutes to go I have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php" http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php and I explain that they are going to take a test online. I have them choose the 2 times Online box. (There is also a worksheet option, but I like the instant feedback for the students). I show the students how to enter their answers, and when they are done how to correct it. They then print their results, and I keep it in their folder. I alternate between the two online grading sites.
Day 3: Students will work on their 2s, 5s, and 10s. We do the following activities:
The Skip Counting by 2s, 5s, and 10s, 5s flash cards (have them run through the flash cards at least 3 times), Wheel of Flowers, and Time Test: Factors 0-2.
I have the students turn in the Time Test: Factors 0-2 (5 minutes) for their file. They glue the others into their notebook as they finish them.
Day 4: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on 5s and 10s. With 8 minutes to go, have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm" http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm and quiz on 5s. Have them correct it, and print it out for their file.
Day 5: Students will work on their 2s, 5s, and 10s. We do the following activities:
Take 2 Steps to Climb the Mountain, Can You Bee A Counter by 5s? Flowers and Lace. The students glue these into their notebook.
Poker Chip Draw: Write the numbers 1-12 on poker chips. Have the students work in pairs to draw out a chip, and multiply it by 10 or 5(one student is 5s the other is 10s). Students do this for about 3 minutes. The class ends with showing Multiplication Rock 2s and 3s from DVD or web. This is one link I have found. HYPERLINK "http://wareseeker.com/free-multiplication-rock/" http://wareseeker.com/free-multiplication-rock/
Day 6: Students will work on their 3s and 10s. We do the following:
Skip Counting by 3s, Balancing 10s, and Delicate Snowflake. These go into the notebook. 3s Flash Cards (The students need to go through the 3s alone, and then combined with the 5s individually. I have them sort into 3 piles: I KNOW it! , I almost know it, and I dont know it. ) I have them do it to see that they know more than they dont know. Lastly, we fill in the3s, 5s and 10s in The Multiplication Chart.
Day 7: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on 3s. With 8 minutes to go, have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm" http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm and quiz on 3s. Have them correct it, and print it out for their file.
Day 8: Students will work on their 4s and skip counting. We do the following activities:
Charting the 2s, 5s and 10s, Where do the 4s Go?, Skipping All the Way, and 4s Flash Cards. The students glue their work into their notebook, and go through the cards backwards. The student looks at the answer, to get the multiplication fact.
Watch DVD Multiplication Rock 4s. (It is usually a favorite).
Day 9: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on 4s and 1-5s.I remind students to try a new game, sometimes they get into one and start to get bored. With 8 minutes to go, have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php" http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php and quiz on online primer 1-4s. Have them correct it, and print it out for their file. I like this site a lot because I can create a test, or let it make one. Every student gets a different quiz.
Day 10: Students work on a mixture today. We do the following:
Sums and Products, Factor x Factor=Factor x Factor, Pottery Design.
Card Game: I have the students partner up to play Multiplication Mosh. To Play, the students split the cards and each flip one. They multiply their partners card by 4 UNLESS they match. They multiply them together. If they do it correctly they keep the card, if not it goes into the Mosh. I have them play for about 8 minutes, the students count to see who has the most cardsthem or the Mosh!
Day 11: Students will work on their 4s and doubles. We do the following activities:
Finding Doubles, Doubles More or less. The students glue their work into their notebook. Then have the students complete the 4s and doubles in their multiplication chart. I spend time here talking about how much of the chart they know. I also point out that they have very few more to learn, due to the fact that the chart is symmetric. If they know 6x8 they know 8x6. I also talk about the commutative property here. They quiz on 0-5 using Time Test: Factors 0-5 (5 minutes). If they pass 0-5 at 95% or better they get a prize. I have given healthy and unhealthy prizes. You have to decide what you can do. (The kids like chocolate or gum a lot).
Day12: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on 6s. With 8 minutes to go, have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm" http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm and quiz on 4s. Have them correct it, and print it out for their file.
Day 13: Students will work on 6s and a mixture today. We do the following activities:
Hundreds Chart (skip count 6s), Beat the Clock 6s, Why is It Dangerous to Do math in the Jungle? The students glue these into their notebook .Flash Cards 6s Fill in the Multiplication Chart 6s.
Dice Game: Roll and Multiply. I have students each roll a dice and take turns multiplying the two together. This game lasts about 8 minutes.
Day14: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on 0-6s. With 8 minutes to go, have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm" http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm and quiz on6s. Have them correct it, and print it out for their file.
Day 15: Students will work on 7s. We do the following activities:
Watch Multiplication Rock 6s and 7s
Fill in the Missing Number (suns), Hundreds Chart (skip count 7s), Monkey. The students glue these into their notebook. Flash Cards 7s (students run through them several times).
Day 16: Students will work on 7s. We do the following activities:
Tablecloth, Facts of 7 Practice, Time Test: Factors 0-7 (5 minutes). I have them run through their flash cards (all of them) and put them into the 3 piles:I KNOW it! I almost know it, and I dont know it. I have them decide which 2 facts to focus on, and I have them write those two 10 times each.
Day17: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on 7s. With 8 minutes to go, have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm" http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm and quiz on7s. Have them correct it, and print it out for their file.
Day 18: Students will work on 8s. We do the following activities:
Fill in the Missing Number (hearts), Hundreds Chart 8s, What Sound Two Porcupines Make When They Kiss? The students glue these into their notebooks. Flash Cards 8s. Have student quiz each other on 8s
Day19: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on 8s. With 8 minutes to go, have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm" http://multiplication.com/quickquizzes.htm and quiz on8s. Have them correct it, and print it out for their file.
Day 20: Students will work on 8s. We do the following activities:
Skip Counting Worksheet, Rev Up Multiplication. The students glue these into their notebooks. Students do the Tuffies!. Have them cut out thetuffie squares, turn them over upside down, and then choose one for their partner. The partner does it and keeps the Tuffie. Fill in the Multiplication Chart 7s and 8s.
Day 21: Students do a mix 0-8s. We do the following activities:
Complete each Multiplication Puzzle, Star in a Square, Multiplication *x8, Multiplication Mosaic. The students glue these into their notebooks.
Watch Multiplication Rock 8s.
Day22: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on 8s and 9s. With 8 minutes to go, have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php" http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php and quiz on Up to 10s. Have them correct it, and print it out for their file.
Day 23: Students will work on 9s. We do the following activities:
Climb the Ladder by 9s, Tablecloth, Multiplication x5, x6, x7, x8, and x9, Use your Fingers to Find the 9s, FlashCards 9s. The students glue these into their notebooks.
Most students know the finger trick for 9s, but I take them to this website anyway HYPERLINK "http://gwydir.demon.co.uk/jo/numbers/finger/multiply.htm#nine" http://gwydir.demon.co.uk/jo/numbers/finger/multiply.htm#nine because it shows how to do them well. The kids can show each other too. My students are better at 9s, than 7s and 8s. They need help on 9x12 though.
Day24: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on 8s and 9s. With 8 minutes to go, have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php" http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php and quiz on 9ss. Have them correct it, and print it out for their file.
Day 25: Students will work on 0-10s. We do the following activities:
Factor Boxes and Multiplication Location. The students glue these into their notebooks. Fill in the Multiplication Chart 9s. Watch DVD Multiplication Rock 9s
Day 26: Students will do 11s and mixed review. We do the following activities:
I go over the rules for 11s. First that 1-9 give the same digit doubled. They know that one. But they dont all know the trick for 11 x 10, 11x11, and 11x12. The trick is this: split the number being multiplied by 11 into a 3 digit number with a hole in the center.
Ex.1. 11x10 split 10 to be 3 digits 1__0. Fill the hole with the sum of the 2 numbers (1+0=1)
So 11x10= 110
Ex. 2. 11x11 split 11 to be 3 digits 1__1. Fill the hole with the sum of the 2 numbers (1+1=2)
So 11x11= 121
Ex. 3. 11x12 split 12 to be 3 digits 1__2. Fill the hole with the sum of the 2 numbers (1+2=3)
So 11x12= 132
Beat the Clock 11s and Starburst. The students glue these into their notebooks. Flash Cards 11s. I talk to the students and tell them we are in our final week. I explain what the last test will be like on day 30.
Day 26: Today we work on all facts. We do the following activities:
Mixed Up Multiplication! Multiplication Table (they fill in fast). The students glue these into their notebooks. Flash Cards 12s. Play Concentration with facts. I photocopy them front to back.
Day27: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on 12s. With 8 minutes to go, have the students go to HYPERLINK "http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php" http://www.mathsisfun.com/worksheets/multiplication.php and quiz on Getting Tougher 2-12s. Have them correct it, and print it out for their file.
Day 28: Practice Test day. We do the following activities:
Find the Products, Practice Test. The students glue Find the Products into their notebook. I keep and grade the Practice test. The next day the students work in the lab on the ones they missed.
Day29: Students meet in the computer lab. Log in, and focus on what they need to. I show them their practice test, and point out what to focus on. No test in the lab today.
Day 30 Final Test Day! The students complete a warm up, run through their flash cards, write the multiples of 12, and then test. The Test is the Pre Test!! They have 5 minutes and must score 95% to exit the program. So far, all have who have been in the class!
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